Syllabus 2009: Social Science (Revised) Class X

January 7, 2009 by  
Filed under Class X Syllabus




Social Science (Revised)

Time Duration: 3 Hours

Maximum Marks: 80 (Theory) + Marks 20 (for internal assessment)

Unit Marks Periods
Unit 1:India and the contemporary World – II 20 45
Unit 2:India – Resources and their Development 18 40
Unit 3:Democratic Politics II 18 40
Unit 4:Understanding Economics – II 16 40
Unit 5:Disaster Management 8 25
Internal Assessment
1. Tests (formative and summative) 10
2. Assignments (School & Home assignments) 5
3. Project work 5

NOTE: No question will be asked in annual examination 2009 from Unit-5 Disaster Management . There will be a compulsory Project Work for internal assessment. New changed marking scheme will be included soon.

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary world – II

Themes: Topics covered

Theme 3 (means sub-unit 1.3) is compulsory. Students to choose anyone from the first two themes (means sub unit 1.1 and sub unit 1.2).

Sub-unit 1.1: Events and processes:

1. Nationalism in Europe:

(a) The growth of nationalism in Europe after the 1830s.

(b) The ideas of Giuseppe Mazzini etc.

(c) General characteristics of the movements in Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and Greece.

2. Nationalist Movement in Indo China: Factors leading to growth of rationalism in India

(a) French colonialism in Indochina.

(b) Phases of struggle against the French.

(c) The ideas of Phan Dinh Phung, Phan Boi Chau, Nguyen Ac Quoc

(d) The second world war and the liberation struggle.

(e) America and the second Indochina war.

3. Nationalism in India: Civil Disobedience Movement

(a) First world war, Khilafat and Non-Cooperation.

(b) Salt Satyagraha.

(c) Movements of peasants, workers, tribals.

(d) Activities of different political groups.

Sub-unit 1.2: Economies and livelihoods:

4. Industrialization 1850s – 1950s:

(a) Contrast between the form of industrialization in Britain and India.

(b) Relationship between handicrafts and industrial production, formal and informal sectors.

(c) Livelihood of workers. Case studies: Britain and India.

5. Urbanization and urban lives:

(a) Patterns of urbanization

(b) Migration and the growth of towns.

(c) Social change and urban life.

(d) Merchants, middle classes, workers and urban poor.

Case studies: London and Bombay in the nineteenth and twentieth century.

6. Trade and Globalization:

(a) Expansion and integration of the world market in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

(b) Trade and economy between the two Wars.

(c) Shifts after the 1950s.

(d) Implications of globalization for livelihood patterns.

Case study: The post War International Economic order, 1945 to 1960s.

Sub-unit 1.3: Culture, Identity and Society

7. Print culture and nationalism.

(a) The history of print in Europe.

(b) The growth of press in nineteenth century India.

(c) Relationship between print culture, public debate and politics.

8. History of the novel:

(a) Emergence of the novel as a genre in the west.

(b) The relationship between the novel and changes in modern society.

(c) Early novels in nineteenth century India.

(d) A study of two or three major writers.

Sub-unit 1.4: Map Work (2 Marks)

Unit 2: India – Resources and their Development

Themes: Topics covered

1. Resources: Types – natural and human; Need for resource planning.

2. Natural Resources: land as a resource, soil types and distribution; changing land-use pattern; land degradation and conservation measures.

3. Agriculture: types of farming, major crops, cropping pattern, technological and institutional reforms; their impact; contribution of Agriculture to national economy – employment and output.

4. Water resources: sources, distribution, utilisation, multi-purpose projects, water scarcity, need for conservation and management, rainwater harvesting. (One case study to be introduced)

5. Mineral Resources: types of minerals, distribution, use and economic importance of minerals, conservation.

6. Power Resources: types of power resources conventional and non-conventional, distribution and utilization, and conservation.

7. Manufacturing Industries: Types, spatial distribution, contribution of industries to the national economy, industrial pollution and degradation of environment, measures to control degradation. (One case study to be introduced)

8. Transport, communication and trade

9. Map Work (3 marks)

Project / Activity:

Learners may collect photographs of typical rural houses, and clothing of people from different regions of India and examine whether they reflect any relationship with the climatic conditions and relief of the area.

Learners may write a brief report on various irrigation practices in the village and the change in cropping pattern in the last decade.


Pollution of water in the locality.

Depletion of forests and the greenhouse effect.

Note: Any similar activities may be taken up.

Unit 3: Democratic Politics II

Themes: Topics covered

1. Working of Democracy Are divisions inherent to the working of democracy? What has been the effect of caste on politics and of politics on caste? How has the gender division shaped politics? How do communal divisions affect democracy?

2. Power sharing mechanisms in democracy Why and how is power shared in democracies? How has federal division of power in India helped national unity? To what extent has decentralisation achieved this objective? How

does democracy accommodate different social groups?

3. Competition and contestations in democracy How do struggles shape democracy in favour of ordinary people? What role do political parties play in competition and contestation? Which are the major national and regional parties in India? Why have social movements come to occupy large role in politics?

4. Outcomes of democracy Can or should democracy be judged by its outcomes? What outcomes can one reasonably expect of democracies? Does democracy in India meet these expectations? Has democracy led to development, security and dignity for the people? What sustains democracy in India?

5. Challenges to democracy Is the idea of democracy shrinking? What are the major challenges to democracy in India? How can democracy be reformed and deepened? What role can an ordinary citizen play in deepening democracy?

Unit 4: Understanding Economics II

Themes: Topics covered

1. The Story of Development: The traditional notion of development; National Income and Per-capita Income. Growth of NI – critical appraisal of existing development indicators (PCI, IMR, SR and other income and health indicators) The need for health and educational development; Human Development Indicators (in simple and brief as a holistic measure of development.

The approach to this theme: Use case study of three states (Kerala, Punjab and Bihar) or take a few countries (India, China, Sri Lanka and one developed country)

2. Money and Financial System: Role of money in an economy: Historical origin; Formal and Informal financial institutions for Savings and Credit – General Introduction; Select one formal institution such as a nationalized commercial bank and a few informal institutions; Local money lenders, landlords, self help groups, chit funds and private finance companies.

3. The Role of Service Sector in Indian Economy: What is service sector (through examples): Importance of Service Sector in generating employment and income to the nation (with the help of a few case studies); Growth of Service Sector in India; India as a major service provider to the world; The need for public investment ; The role of important infrastructure, education and health

4. Globalisation: What is Globalisation (through some simple examples); How India is being globalised and why ; Development Strategy prior to 1991. State Control of Industries: Textile goods as an example for elaboration; Economic Reforms 1991; Strategies adoped in Reform measures (easing of capital flows; migration, investment flows); Different perspectiives on globalisation and its impact on different sectors; Political Impact of globalisation

5. Consumer Awareness: How consumer is exploited (one or two simple case studies) factors causing exploitation of consumers; Rise of consumer awareness; how a consumer should be in a market; role of government in consumer protection.

Suggested Activities

Visit to banks and money lenders / pawnbrokers and discuss various activities that you have observed in banks in the classroom;

Participate in the meetings of self help groups, which engaged in micro credit schemes in the locality of learners and observe issues discussed.

Provide many examples of service sector activities. Use numerical examples, charts and photographs

Collect logos of standards available for various goods and services. Visit a consumer court nearby and discuss in the class the proceedings; Collect stories of consumer exploitation and grievances from news papers and consumer courts

Unit 5: Disaster Management

1. Tsunami

2. Safer Construction Practices.

3. Survival Skills.

4. Alternate Communication systems during disasters.

5. Sharing Responsibility


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